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商务部:我国服务贸易进出口总额同比増长8.5%

【日期】:2018-08-09 16:08:49     【来源】:宁夏新闻网

    中国建材股份有限公司总裁曹江林表示,水泥成本仅占房价的一小部分,其价格涨跌对房价影响微乎其微。他分析,今年国内水泥价格将经历先低后高的走势,全年销量或将达22亿吨,价格涨幅为5%。

    房地产对水泥需求不降反升

    “房地产仅占水泥需求的一部分,而且不是最大的部分。”曹江林说,影响水泥销量的市场因素主要有城镇化、工业设施建设、房地产以及水利设施建设等。从全国平均水平而言,房地产占水泥需求的25%,在中国建材的市场区域里,房地产占水泥需求的20%。“过去看房地产主要看市场化房地产,现在要分成市场化、商业化地产和保障房。两部分加在一起,房地产的水泥需求还是上升的。”曹江林分析说,今年水泥的需求将会在2011年20.63亿吨的基础上稳中有涨。“2012年全年,水泥价格会先低后高,在去年第4季度的基础上涨5%左右。”曹江林说,因为煤价在涨、电价在涨,建材企业需要把成本的压力传递出去一部分。不过,曹江林也表示,在房地产的成本构成中,水泥只占很小一部分。“每平方米水泥成本只有60块钱,即便水泥涨价5%,对房地产价格也没有影响。房地产价格的核心不在建材、不在水泥。”“水泥是一个高度消耗能源、消耗资源的产业,如果价格太低,会带来非常负面的影响。”曹江林说。

    水泥产能过剩 急需产业整合

    按照国家发改委的统计,目前国内已建水泥生产线的产能是28亿吨。2011年的水泥消费量约为21亿吨,产能过剩超过30%。曹江林分析说,如果按照今年8.5%的GDP增速,水泥的需求应该为22亿吨左右。

    产能过剩问题仍存在。曹江林介绍说,目前国内水泥行业有差不多2亿吨的过剩产能,“落后产能亟待淘汰。”曹江林说,集中度低是目前国内水泥业发展的最重要弊端之一。“在欧洲或者美国,前五名的水泥厂商加起来市场占有率超过80%。国内虽有中国建材和海螺这样世界级的大企业支撑,但前10名水泥企业加在一起的产能不超过行业总产能的30%。”价格过低也限制着水泥行业的发展。曹江林说,过去水泥最低价格是煤炭的三倍,后来和煤炭同价,现在连煤价的1/3都不到。水泥的成本里面,煤炭、石灰石和电,占水泥成本的85%。

    曹江林表示,解决水泥产业的产能过剩,首先需要有效的行政手段,需要由政府统筹关闭过剩产能,解决相关的就业问题。“第二种方式就是市场的方式,由大企业进行整合重组,由此,水泥行业的环境问题、盈利问题也将得到妥善解决。”

get(attachments) failed on instance of com.gcms.cms.entity.main.Content The problematic instruction: ---------- ==> if content.attachments?size gt 0 [on line 74, column 41 in WEB-INF/t/cms/www/red/content/新闻内容.html] ---------- Java backtrace for programmers: ---------- freemarker.template.TemplateModelException: get(attachments) failed on instance of com.gcms.cms.entity.main.Content at freemarker.ext.beans.BeanModel.get(BeanModel.java:223) at freemarker.core.Dot._getAsTemplateModel(Dot.java:76) at freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89) at freemarker.core.BuiltIn$sizeBI._getAsTemplateModel(BuiltIn.java:628) at freemarker.core.Expression.getAsTemplateModel(Expression.java:89) at freemarker.core.ComparisonExpression.isTrue(ComparisonExpression.java:111) at freemarker.core.ConditionalBlock.accept(ConditionalBlock.java:77) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209) at freemarker.core.MixedContent.accept(MixedContent.java:92) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209) at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189) at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237) at com.gcms.common.web.springmvc.SimpleFreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(SimpleFreeMarkerView.java:114) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:250) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1060) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:798) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:716) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:647) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:552) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:723) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:290) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter.doFilterInternal(OpenSessionInViewFilter.java:198) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:88) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at com.gcms.common.web.ProcessTimeFilter.doFilter(ProcessTimeFilter.java:38) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:191) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:127) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:617) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:293) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProcessor.process(Http11AprProcessor.java:876) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11AprProtocol.java:612) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$Worker.run(AprEndpoint.java:1777) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662) Caused by: org.hibernate.LazyInitializationException: failed to lazily initialize a collection of role: com.gcms.cms.entity.main.Content.attachments, no session or session was closed at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.throwLazyInitializationException(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:358) at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.throwLazyInitializationExceptionIfNotConnected(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:350) at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.initialize(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:343) at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.read(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:86) at org.hibernate.collection.PersistentList.toArray(PersistentList.java:123) at java.util.ArrayList.(ArrayList.java:131) at freemarker.template.SimpleSequence.(SimpleSequence.java:162) at freemarker.template.DefaultObjectWrapper.wrap(DefaultObjectWrapper.java:117) at freemarker.ext.beans.BeansWrapper.invokeMethod(BeansWrapper.java:841) at freemarker.ext.beans.BeanModel.invokeThroughDescriptor(BeanModel.java:276) at freemarker.ext.beans.BeanModel.get(BeanModel.java:183) ... 45 more