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美国比利科技有限公司“三栖飞行器”项目圆满签约

【日期】:2018-07-24 15:53:01     【来源】:宁夏商务厅

当下国内生物燃料的发展虽有些波澜不惊,可事关行业前途的一场新竞赛已棋至中盘。

    当光伏、风电已经发展得如火如荼,燃料乙醇还能再次成为可再生能源的焦点吗?

    随着粮食价格的节节攀升,再谈论玉米乙醇不免有些可笑。是的,第一代燃料乙醇已经过时,但这并不意味着燃料乙醇的前景黯淡。

    当下国内生物燃料的发展虽有些波澜不惊,可事关行业前途的一场新竞赛已棋至中盘。这场名为纤维素乙醇的棋局囊括了国内外的知名弈手,大家都在等待一个契机的到来。

    在这场棋局开始的时候,很多人都曾对结果十分乐观,认为等待的时间不会太久。但激情退却之后,如今大家已经习惯了等待。

    这个众人期待的时机,就是纤维素乙醇的正式商业化。中粮、中石化和诺维信已经将它纳入了日程表。

    根据三方达成的协议,中粮和中石化于2011年第三季度开始合资建设以玉米秸秆为原料的万吨规模纤维素乙醇示范工厂,由诺维信为该工厂提供酶制剂,并力争比原计划2013年提前进行商业化生产。

    杜邦公司持同样的判断。杜邦全球副总裁毕可瑞就认为,2012到2013年,全球纤维素乙醇将迎来大规模商业化的起点。

    两年前,杜邦和丹尼斯克公司Genencor事业部成了合资公司,开发和推广领先的低成本纤维素乙醇生产技术。如今,合资公司在美国田纳西州的示范工厂已在运转。

    在纤维素乙醇之外,去年,杜邦还与BP组建了一家合资公司Butamax,共同开发以农作物为原料的一种先进的高性能生物燃料。

    看好生物燃料的杜邦,近期更专门搭建了相关的中国业务部门,以评估合资项目的投资前景。

    “当然,这需要考虑合作伙伴的情况,以及中国政府的政策导向等,但中国市场的潜力毫无疑问。”毕可瑞说。

    和睿能源研究员高野认为,作为一个农业大国,中国有着丰富的农作物废弃物,例如玉米秸秆等,这些将为纤维素乙醇的发展提供充足的原料。而一旦纤维素乙醇开始大规模商业化,发挥出规模优势,整个生物燃料行业将会重新进入快车道,成为可再生能源发展的重点。

    一项研究结果指出,到2020年,中国基于农作物废弃物的生物乙醇燃料能替代3100万吨的汽油,形成一个投入达到960亿元的新兴产业,每年产值是320亿元。

    看来,只要2012末世浩劫不会发生,生物燃料大有可能再次脱颖而出。 

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freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:209) at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:189) at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:237) at com.gcms.common.web.springmvc.SimpleFreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(SimpleFreeMarkerView.java:114) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:167) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:250) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1060) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:798) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:716) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:647) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:552) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:617) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:723) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:290) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.springframework.orm.hibernate3.support.OpenSessionInViewFilter.doFilterInternal(OpenSessionInViewFilter.java:198) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:88) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:76) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at com.gcms.common.web.ProcessTimeFilter.doFilter(ProcessTimeFilter.java:38) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:235) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:206) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:233) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:191) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:127) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:103) at org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve.invoke(AccessLogValve.java:617) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:109) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:293) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProcessor.process(Http11AprProcessor.java:876) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11AprProtocol$Http11ConnectionHandler.process(Http11AprProtocol.java:612) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AprEndpoint$Worker.run(AprEndpoint.java:1777) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:662) Caused by: org.hibernate.LazyInitializationException: failed to lazily initialize a collection of role: com.gcms.cms.entity.main.Content.attachments, no session or session was closed at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.throwLazyInitializationException(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:358) at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.throwLazyInitializationExceptionIfNotConnected(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:350) at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.initialize(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:343) at org.hibernate.collection.AbstractPersistentCollection.read(AbstractPersistentCollection.java:86) at org.hibernate.collection.PersistentList.toArray(PersistentList.java:123) at java.util.ArrayList.(ArrayList.java:131) at freemarker.template.SimpleSequence.(SimpleSequence.java:162) at freemarker.template.DefaultObjectWrapper.wrap(DefaultObjectWrapper.java:117) at freemarker.ext.beans.BeansWrapper.invokeMethod(BeansWrapper.java:841) at freemarker.ext.beans.BeanModel.invokeThroughDescriptor(BeanModel.java:276) at freemarker.ext.beans.BeanModel.get(BeanModel.java:183) ... 45 more